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Day v. Phillips

Court of Appeals of Georgia
May 23, 1963
107 Ga. App. 824 (Ga. Ct. App. 1963)


40146, 40147.

DECIDED MAY 23, 1963.

Action for damages. Coffee Superior Court. Before Judge Hodges.

J. W. Waldroup, Elie L. Holton, for plaintiff in error.

Ewing Hutto, Marshall Ewing, contra.

The evidence authorized the verdicts and no harmful error being shown by the amended motions for new trial the judgments overruling the defendant's motions for judgments non obstante verdicto or for new trials in the alternative were not error for any reasons assigned.

DECIDED MAY 23, 1963.

Wilbert Phillips and his wife, Mrs. Hazel Phillips, filed their separate actions against James Homer Day to recover their respective damages allegedly arising out of the operation of a family purpose motor vehicle owned by the defendant and being operated by his wife at the time complained of. On the trial of the case, at the conclusion of all the evidence, the defendant made a motion for a directed verdict in each case which was overruled and, after the jury (both cases being tried together) returned verdicts for the plaintiffs, the defendant filed motions for judgments non obstante verdicto or for new trials in the alternative. Later the defendant amended the motions for new trial and he now assigns error on the adverse judgments overruling such motions.

1. The defendant relies upon the holding of this court in DeWinne v. Waldrep, 101 Ga. App. 570 ( 114 S.E.2d 455), to support his position that no recovery for the plaintiffs was authorized and verdicts for him were demanded. In that case, like the present case, the injuries sued for were caused by a fall from a pickup truck while the truck was in motion and while the injured person was not in a passenger's seat, but as there pointed out "each such case must stand or fall on the particular circumstances shown by the pleadings or evidence," and it cannot be said that everyone who rides in the cargo area of a pickup truck is guilty of such lack of ordinary care for his own safety that he would be barred from recovery under the provisions of Code § 105-603 as a matter of law. See also Bramlett v. Hulsey, 98 Ga. App. 39 ( 104 S.E.2d 614).

In the DeWinne case, the plaintiff was standing up holding a rifle while the truck was traveling at approximately 30 miles per hour across an open filed. In the present case the truck was on a paved road and the driver had been warned to start off slow because those in the cargo area, attempting to keep a mattress from falling off, might fall off themselves. The evidence, while conflicting, authorized a finding that the driver, the defendant's wife, did not start off slowly but started off with a jerk thereby causing both persons who were on the back of the truck to fall or be thrown off the back of the truck onto the paved highway. The evidence authorized verdicts for the plaintiffs and did not demand verdicts for the defendant. Accordingly, the trial court did not err in overruling the defendant's motions for judgments non obstante verdicto or his motions for new trials on the usual general grounds.

2. Special ground 4 of the amended motion for new trial complains that the trial court erred in admitting the testimony of Jesse Phillips that before the incident on which the actions were based Hazel Phillips had not complained of headaches, etc., but that afterwards she had complained of headaches, nausea, etc. Another witness, Mrs. Hazel Griffin, testified to the same facts without objection. "Error in improperly admitting evidence is not ground for reversal where the same evidence is subsequently admitted without objection." Healan v. Powell, 91 Ga. App. 787 (2) ( 87 S.E.2d 332). New York Life Ins. Co. v. Ittner, 62 Ga. App. 31 (4) ( 8 S.E.2d 582); Carmichael Tile Co. v. McClelland, 213 Ga. 656 (3) ( 100 S.E.2d 902).

3. Special grounds 5 and 6 assign error on exclusion of certain evidence, a photograph and a rock, but neither ground sets forth or refers to where the evidence excluded may be found in the record nor does either ground set forth or refer to the objection made to such evidence.

"It is a settled rule that the reviewing court can not consider exceptions to the admission or rejection of evidence unless it is shown what was the particular objection made at the time the evidence was offered upon which the trial court made its ruling." Quillian v. Tuck, 66 Ga. App. 472, 477 ( 17 S.E.2d 921). See also Steed v. Cruise, 70 Ga. 168 (4); Central of Ga. R. Co. v. Jaques Tinsley Co., 23 Ga. App. 396 (2) ( 98 S.E. 357); and Jones v. Styles, 25 Ga. App. 289 (1) ( 103 S.E. 175). And as pointed out by Judge Quillian, now Justice Quillian, in Brewer v. Henson, 96 Ga. App. 501, 503 ( 100 S.E.2d 661), a ground of a motion for new trial which neither sets forth, nor refers by page number to, evidence necessary for a proper consideration of such ground is incomplete and cannot be considered. Neither of these special grounds can be considered.

4. The sole remaining special ground in each case complains of the failure of the trial court to declare a mistrial on the defendant's motion after the plaintiff asked a question which the defendant considered objectionable.

The motion for new trial merely shows that the evidence was objected to and a motion for mistrial made. It does not appear upon what grounds the motion was made. Under the decision in Whitehead v. State, 101 Ga. App. 732 ( 115 S.E.2d 429), and the cases there cited these grounds of the motions for new trial in each case are too defective to be passed upon. And the fact that the plaintiff in error states in the ground why he objected does not aid the ground, for such allegation is not a statement of the objection actually made on the trial.

The trial court did not err in overruling the motions for new trials.

Judgments affirmed. Frankum and Jordan, JJ., concur.

Summaries of

Day v. Phillips

Court of Appeals of Georgia
May 23, 1963
107 Ga. App. 824 (Ga. Ct. App. 1963)
Case details for

Day v. Phillips

Case Details

Full title:DAY v. PHILLIPS (two cases)

Court:Court of Appeals of Georgia

Date published: May 23, 1963


107 Ga. App. 824 (Ga. Ct. App. 1963)
131 S.E.2d 778

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